Solomon Lipschuetz vs. Jackson Whipps Showalter Match
April 20, 1892 - May 23, 1892
New York, NY


            1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5
Lipschuetz  ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 0 ½ 1 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1  7 (w/7 draws)
Showalter   ½ ½ ½ 0 0 0 1 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½  1 (w/7 draws)


  • Showalter was White in the odd-numbered games. The match conditions were first to win 7 games, with an extension to 9 wins in the event of a 6-6 tie.

  • Four games a week were played. The time control was 15 moves per hour. The first game began at 1:30 pm on April 20.

  • The match was played at the Manhattan Chess Club. The Stakes were $750 per side.

  • After winning this match, the ailing Lipschuetz gave up his New York business and chess career to move to California, thinking its climate would be healthier for him. Upon his departure, Showalter re-claimed the vacant title.

  • It's kind of a shame that Lipschuetz's name wasn't Solomon Jackson. In addition to avoiding the usual jokes about the name Lipschuetz, when he won by such a lopsided margin, the headlines could have read "Jackson Whips Showalter!".

  • Lipschuetz's exact name is a matter of controversy. His first name is listed as both Solomon and Samuel, his last name can be found spelled Lipschutz, Lipschuetz, and Lipschütz.

  • Though Showalter lived most of his life in Kentucky, the New York Times lists him as coming from Georgetown, D.C. at the time of this match.

  • Though only two of the games are available, the general course of play was as follows (as mentioned, Showalter is White in the odd- numbered games):

    Game Result Opening Moves
    1 Drawn Evans Gambit Declined 64
    2 Drawn Queen's Pawn Opening 35
    3 Drawn Hungarian Defense 75
    4 Lipschuetz Vienna Sausages Game 27
    5 Lipschuetz Sicilian Defense 61
    6 Lipschuetz French Defense 33
    7 Showalter Ruy Lopez 39
    8 Drawn French Defense 31
    9 Lipschuetz Fianchetto Defense 40
    10 Lipschuetz Vienna Game 29
    11 Drawn Ruy Lopez 63
    12 Drawn English Opening 36
    13 Drawn Ruy Lopez 52
    14 Lipschuetz Vienna Game 43
    15 Lipschuetz Ruy Lopez 30

  • The New York Times reports on the Match...

    New York Times
    April 21, 1892
    Page 2, Column 6
    CHESS EXPERTS AT PLAY

    THE MATCH BETWEEN LIPSCHUTZ AND
    SHOWALTER BEGUN.

    S. Lipschutz of New York and J. Showalter of
    Georgetown, D.C., yesterday began playing a series
    of match games of chess at the rooms of the Manhat-
    tan Chess Club, in West Twenty-seventh Street.
    The winner of the first seven games will
    be declared the victor. In case the scores
    of the contestants should be equal at the six-
    game point, that is, if each player should have won
    6 games another match of 3 games will be played,
    and the winner of this match will be victor. Four
    games a week are to be played. The time limit for
    the players is 15 moves an hour each, an average of
    4 minutes for a move. It was agreed to adopot for
    this match the rules that governed the chess matches
    between Steinitz and Gunsberg in 1890 and 1891.
       The first game yesterday was begun at 1:30
    o'clock in the afternoon, and Showalter, who had
    won the toss for first move, handled the white pieces
    and opened the game with the Evans gamb it, which
    Lipschutz declined by playing K. B. to Kt. 3.
    Showalter pushed up a pawn to Kt. 5, and Lip-
    schutz replied by moving Kt. to Q. 5 insted of to
    R. 4.
       Showalter played a very aggressive game in the
    earlier stages, but Lipschutz's careful defense com-
    pelled him to be more cautious. At 5:30 o'clock,
    when an adjournment was taken for dinner, the
    chances looked slightly in favor of Lipschutz.
       On the resumption of play later in the evening,
    both players were wary, but Showalter again forced
    an attack and caused an exchange of pieces until he
    had left on the board his king's bishop and
    four pawns, while Lipschutz had a knight
    and four pawns. Lipschutz's king had es-
    corted a pawn well on its way, when it
    seized the opportunity to chase the black pawn with
    his king and captured it, and also succeeded in
    bringing his king to the rear of the other black
    pawns. Lipschutz managed to capture three white
    pawns while he lost one pawn.
       The spectators, who were experts, became greatly
    interested, and, forming the position on other chess
    boards, they tried a dozen different ways of playing
    it out, but invariably decided that it must end in a
    draw. That seemed also to be the opinion of Steinitz.
    The game ws not concluded last evening and was
    postponed until to-morrow evening.
       The position on the board at the time of adjourn-
    ment was as follows:
       White - K on Q7, P on QR6, B on Q Kt 3.
       Black - K on QB4, Kt on QB5, P on Q3, P on
    QB3, P on Q Kt 4.
       It was Mr. Lipschutz's move, and this he sealed
    until the resumption of play to-morrow.

    NEW YORK TIMES
    April 22, 1892
    Page 2, Column 6
    TWO CHESS GAMES DRAWN

     The second game of the chess match between Sho-
    alter and Lipschutz was played yesterday. This
    time Lipschutz handled the white pieces and opened
    with the queen's gambit, Showalter defending by P
    to K 3, followed by B to K 2. Both castled on the
    king's side, and in the nineteenth move they ex-
    changed rooks, Showalter remaining with an isolat-
    ed pawn. The game developed very gradually, as
    usual in close games, and on the thirtieth move Sho-
    walter offered a draw, which Lipschutz declined, and
    the fight went on. Lipschutz tried hard to break
    through, forcing an exchange of queens and knights,
    but his attack proved futile, each contestant re-
    maining with his bishop and six pawns, one of which
    was isolated, and with no advantage in the position
    of either. Thereupon, a draw was agreed upon at
    the thirty-sixth move.
       The first game, that was adjourned on Wednesday,
    was also by consent declared a draw.

    NEW YORK TIMES
    April 26, 1892
    Page 2, Column 6
    ANOTHER DRAW AT CHESS
    The third game in the Lipschutz-Showalter chess
    match, which was adjourned on Saturday, ended
    yesterday in a draw after seventy-seven moves, and
    over ten hours' play. The fourth game will be
    played on Wednesday.

    NEW YORK TIMES
    Tuesday, May 24, 1892
    Page 2, Column 4
    MINOR SPORTING MATTERS
    -Lipschutz won the fifteenth and last game of the
    chess match with Showalter last night. The game
    was opened by Showalter with a Ruy Lopez. On the
    thirtieth move he made a blunder that lost him the
    game. Lipschutz won 7 games of the series;
    Showalter 1 and 7 were drawn.

    See (two of) the Games of the Match!

    Download (two of) the Games of the Match!


    Return to the main page
    Return to the US Championship main page