1892 World Chess Championship
Wilhelm Steinitz (USA) vs. Mikhail Tchigorin (Russia)
Havana, Cuba
January 1 - February 28, 1892

Conditions:  Best of 20 Games OR 10 Wins to win.
In the event of a 10 points to 10 points tie, play continues until one player has won 10 games.
In the event of a 9 wins to 9 wins tie, Steinitz keeps the title.



Cuba,_1892 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Score_________
Steinitz 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 10 (w/5 draws)
Tchigorin 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 8 (w/5 draws)
Result:  William Steinitz retains the World Championship.
See the Games of the Match!

  • The highlight of this match is the biggest shock ending in the history of the Championship. In Game 23, Tchigorin, a piece ahead, was on the verge of tying the score at 9-9 and sending the match into overtime. Rather than sealing his move normally, he made it on the board, and, in so doing, un-protected his h Pawn, allowing Steinitz a mate in 2 that ended the match.

  • The conditions of this match are still not clear to me. Hanon Russell in an article at chesscafe.com states that the Match was for 10 Wins, with an extension to 12 wins, in the event that the score reached 9-9.

  • I.A. Horowitz, on the other hand, states that the match was Best of 20, same as the 1889 match, and that when the score was tied at 10-10, both players agreed to extend it to 10 wins.

  • And a third source, that I can no longer find, claims that the match was for 8 wins, but was extended to 10 wins, in the event of a 7-7 tie.

  • Match Breakdown
     #    White - Black        Locale  Date        ECO  Result
     1    Chigorin - Steinitz  Havana  01-01-1892  C52  1-0 
     2    Steinitz - Chigorin  Havana  01-03-1892  C65  -
     3    Chigorin - Steinitz  Havana  01-05-1892  C52  -
     4    Steinitz - Chigorin  Havana  01-07-1892  C65  1-0 
     5    Chigorin - Steinitz  Havana  01-10-1892  C52  -
     6    Steinitz - Chigorin  Havana  01-12-1892  C59  1-0 
     7    Chigorin - Steinitz  Havana  01-14-1892  C52  1-0 
     8    Steinitz - Chigorin  Havana  01-16-1892  C58  0-1 
     9    Chigorin - Steinitz  Havana  01-19-1892  C52  -
    10    Steinitz - Chigorin  Havana  01-21-1892  C58  0-1 
    11    Chigorin - Steinitz  Havana  01-24-1892  C62  0-1 
    12    Steinitz - Chigorin  Havana  01-26-1892  C59  0-1 
    13    Chigorin - Steinitz  Havana  01-31-1892  C52  0-1 
    14    Steinitz - Chigorin  Havana  02-02-1892  C65  1-0 
    15    Chigorin - Steinitz  Havana  02-04-1892  C52  1-0 
    16    Steinitz - Chigorin  Havana  02-07-1892  C77  1-0 
    17    Chigorin - Steinitz  Havana  02-09-1892  C52  1-0 
    18    Steinitz - Chigorin  Havana  02-14-1892  A85  1-0 
    19    Chigorin - Steinitz  Havana  02-16-1892  C45  1-0 
    20    Steinitz - Chigorin  Havana  02-18-1892  D37  1-0 
    21    Chigorin - Steinitz  Havana  02-23-1892  C25  -
    22    Steinitz - Chigorin  Havana  02-25-1892  D55  1-0 
    23    Chigorin - Steinitz  Havana  02-28-1892  C34  0-1 
    


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