1948 World Chess Championship Tournament
The Hague/Moscow
April 2 - May 16, 1948

                              1      2     3     4     5  
1. Botvinnik, Mikhail  USR  xxxxx  1 1011 11110 11  14 - 6
2. Smyslov, Vassily    USR  0  xxxxx 1 001 11011  11 - 9  
3. Reshevsky, Samuel   USA  0100  0 xxxxx 101 111  10- 9
4. Keres, Paul         USR  00001  110 010 xxxxx 1111  10- 9
5. Euwe, Max           NET  00  00100 000 0000 xxxxx   4 -16

Result:  Mikhail Botvinnik becomes the 6th World Champion.


  • World Champion Alexander Alekhine died in possession of the title, in a hotel in Estoril, while preparing for a championship match against Botvinnik. The FIDE organization, founded in 1924, took the opportunity to step in and administer the World Championship themselves.

  • Max Euwe, as the only surviving World Champion, became FIDE's first World Champion... for one day. The Soviet Delegation arrived a day late, and were able to nullify the decision to award the title to Euwe.

  • This 20-round Quintuple Round Robin tournament was arranged to name a champion, and the title was defended in 3 year intervals from then on, against a challenger who qualifed from FIDE's Interzonals and Candidates.

  • Rueben Fine had originally been scheduled to participate, but declined his invitation.

  • Reshevsky would have finished ahead of Keres on Sonnenborn tiebreak points, 90.5 to 86, though no official tiebreaking was done.

  • The first two cycles of this tournament were played in The Hague. The final three were played in Moscow.

    See the Games of the Tournament!


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