1951 World Chess Championship
Mikhail Botvinnik (USSR) vs. David Bronstein (USSR)
Moscow, USSR
March 15 - May 11, 1951

Conditions:  Best of 24 Games.  In the event of 
a 12-12 tie, Botvinnik retains the title.



USSR, 1951 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Score
Botvinnik 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 12
Bronstein 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 12
Result:  Mikhail Botvinnik retains the World Title.

See the Games of the Match!

  • This is one of only two times in World Championship history in which the Black pieces scored higher than the Whites. In this match, Black won 6 times to White's 4 times. The only other championship match won by Black was the 1934 Alekhine-Bogolubov Match.

  • One unusual rule in this match was the requirement for adjourned games to have moves sealed in two separate envelopes, each given to separate arbiters. Botvinnik feared that a friendly arbiter might allow Bronstein to alter his move before the resumption.

  • Match Breakdown
     #    White - Black          Locale  Date        ECO  Result
     1    Botvinnik - Bronstein  Moscow  03-16-1951  A91  - 
     2    Bronstein - Botvinnik  Moscow  03-18-1951  D87  - 
     3    Botvinnik - Bronstein  Moscow  03-20-1951  C08  - 
     4    Bronstein - Botvinnik  Moscow  03-23-1951  D90  - 
     5    Botvinnik - Bronstein  Moscow  03-25-1951  E43  0-1 
     6    Bronstein - Botvinnik  Moscow  03-26-1951  B63  0-1 
     7    Botvinnik - Bronstein  Moscow  03-30-1951  A94  1-0 
     8    Bronstein - Botvinnik  Moscow  04-01-1951  D49  - 
     9    Botvinnik - Bronstein  Moscow  04-03-1951  A91  - 
    10    Bronstein - Botvinnik  Moscow  04-06-1951  A85  - 
    11    Botvinnik - Bronstein  Moscow  04-08-1951  E17  0-1 
    12    Bronstein - Botvinnik  Moscow  04-10-1951  A85  0-1 
    13    Botvinnik - Bronstein  Moscow  04-13-1951  E44  - 
    14    Bronstein - Botvinnik  Moscow  04-15-1951  A08  - 
    15    Botvinnik - Bronstein  Moscow  04-17-1951  C08  - 
    16    Bronstein - Botvinnik  Moscow  04-20-1951  A91  - 
    17    Botvinnik - Bronstein  Moscow  04-22-1951  E45  0-1 
    18    Bronstein - Botvinnik  Moscow  04-24-1951  D15  - 
    19    Botvinnik - Bronstein  Moscow  04-27-1951  D74  1-0 
    20    Bronstein - Botvinnik  Moscow  04-29-1951  A14  - 
    21    Botvinnik - Bronstein  Moscow  05-04-1951  E69  0-1 
    22    Bronstein - Botvinnik  Moscow  05-06-1951  A91  1-0 
    23    Botvinnik - Bronstein  Moscow  05-08-1951  D71  1-0 
    24    Bronstein - Botvinnik  Moscow  05-11-1951  D44  - 
    


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